Every now and then we come across acquaintances and friends complaining of back pain. So today we are going to simplify it for you a bit more.
Even though back pain can affect people of any age, it is significantly more common among adults aged between 35 and 55 years. Experts say that back pain is associated with the way our bones, muscles and ligaments in our backs work and connect together.
Causes of Back Pain:
Back pain may be divided as Upper and Lower Back Pain.
Causes of Upper Back Pain are as follows:
Causes of Lower Back Pain are as follows:
1.Lumbar herniated disc: The jelly-like centre of a lumbar disc can break through the tough outer layer and irritate a nearby nerve root.
2.Degenerative disc disease: At birth, intervertebral discs are full of water and at their healthiest. As people age over time, discs lose hydration and wear down.
3.Facet joint dysfunction: There are two facet joints behind each disc at each motion segment in the lumbar spine. These joints can be painful by themselves, or in conjunction with disc pain
4.Sacroiliac joint dysfunction: The sacroiliac joint can become painful if it becomes inflamed (sacroiliitis) or if there is too much or too little motion of the joint.
5.Spinal stenosis: This condition causes pain through narrowing of the spinal canal where the nerve roots are located.
6.Spondylolisthesis: This condition occurs when one vertebra slips over the adjacent one.
7.Osteoarthritis: This condition results from wear and tear of the disc and facet joints. It causes pain, inflammation, instability, and stenosis to a variable degree, and can occur at a single level or multiple levels of the lower spine. Spinal osteoarthritis is associated with aging and is slowly progressive. It is also referred to as spondylosis or degenerative joint disease.
8.Deformity: The deformity may be associated with lower back pain if it leads to the breakdown of the discs, facet joints, sacroiliac joints or stenosis.
9.Trauma: Acute fractures or dislocations of the spine can lead to pain. Lower back pain that develops after a trauma, such as a motor vehicle accident or a fall, should be medically evaluated.
10.Compression fracture: A fracture that occurs in the cylindrical vertebra, in which the bone essentially caves in on itself, can cause sudden pain. This type of fracture is most common due to weak bones.
11.Infection: A spinal infection is rare but can cause severe pain and is life threatening if untreated.
12.Tumor: Most spinal tumors start in another part of the body and metastasize to the spine.
13.Autoimmune disease: Back pain is a possible symptom associated with autoimmune conditions, such as ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, crohn’s disease, fibromyalgia, and others.
Treatment of Back Pain:
The treatment of back pain mainly depends on the cause. If the underlying cause is pathological we have to seek medical help.
For Acute Back pain the following things are very helpful:
1.Go Hot or Cold: Both the Hot as well as the Cold compress relieve the back pain effectively. In case of inflammatory conditions cold compress is recommended as it will help you reduce the inflammation. Hot compress is also very effective in back pain as it relaxes the muscles.
2.Keep moving: When down with back pain you can take some amount of rest. Your daily activities must be done as your spines are meant to move. Long hours of rest may delay the healing process.
3.Exercises: The best exercises for strengthening your back are walking and swimming. There are other stretching exercises that can be done to strenghten your back.
4.Mattress: This is an important cause of back pain. If your mattresses are old and worn out, please rethink the mattress as it is one of the major cause of back pain.
5.Stretch: Don't sit slumped in your desk chair all day. Get up every 20 minutes or so and stretch the other way.
6.Think ergonomically: Design your workspace so you don't have to hunch forward to see your computer monitor or reach way out for your mouse. Use a desk chair that supports your lower back and allows you to keep your feet planted firmly on the floor.
7.Maintain your posture: Slumping makes it harder for your back to support your weight. Be especially careful of your posture when lifting heavy objects. Never bend over from the waist. Instead, bend and straighten from the knees.
8.Shoes: It is not news that heels cause back pain. So wear low heels. Exchange your four-inch pumps for flats or low heels (less than 1 inch). High heels may create a more unstable posture, and increase pressure on your lower spine. Even sensible pair of shoes can change your gait and lead to back pain especially if the soles are worn out.
9.Watch your weight: Use diet and exercise to keep your weight within a healthy range for your height. Being overweight puts excess stress on your spine.
10.Smoking: You have to get rid of smoking because it can increase your risk for osteoporosis of the spine and other bone problems.
11.Yoga: It is very effctive in back pain as it helps in strenghtening the muscles of back.
Hope the article was useful to you. Besides this we can also help you homoeopathically for back pain. Get in touch with us for any queries or doubts.
Dr. Ankita Marjadi
ValsadMay 19, 2017