The three stages of hair growth are the anagen, catagen, and telogen phases. Each strand of hair on the human body is at its own stage of development. Once the cycle is complete, it restarts and a new strand of hair begins to form. The rate or speed of hair growth is about 1.25 centimetres or 0.5 inches per month, or about 15 centimetres or 6 inches per year.
The anagen phase is known as the growth phase. It begins in the papilla and can last from two to six years.The span at which the hair remains in this stage of growth is determined by genetics. The longer the hair stays in the anagen phase, the longer it will grow. During this phase, the cells in the papilla divide to produce new hair fibers, and the follicle buries itself into the dermal layer of the skin to nourish the strand. About 85% of the hairs on one's head are in the anagen phase at any given time.
The catagen phase, also known as the transitional phase, allows the follicle to, in a sense, renew itself. During this time, which lasts about two weeks, the hair follicle shrinks due to disintegration and the papilla detaches and "rests," cutting the hair strand off from its nourishing blood supply. Ultimately, the follicle is 1/6 its original length, causing the hair shaft to be pushed upward. While hair is not growing during this phase, the length of the terminal fibers increase when the follicle pushes them upward.
During the telogen or resting phase the follicle remains dormant for one to four months. Ten to fifteen percent of the hairs on one's head are in this phase of growth at any given time.At some point, the follicle will begin to grow again, softening the anchor point of the shaft initially. The hair base will break free from the root and the hair will be shed. Within two weeks the new hair shaft will begin to emerge once the telogen phase is complete. The process results in normal hair loss known as shedding.
The last phase is important to know as many a times the talogen phase is confused with hairfall.
Now lets see what hairloss is….
Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body.Typically at least the head is involved.The severity of hair loss can vary from a small area to the entire body. Common types include:
# male-pattern hair loss,
# female-pattern hair loss,
# alopecia areata,
# thinning of hair known as telogen effluvium.
The cause of male-pattern hair loss is a combination of genetics and male hormones, the cause of female pattern hair loss is unclear and are mostly related to stress or deficiency of vitamins in the body after pregnancy and other stress related events , the cause of alopecia areata is autoimmune, and the cause of telogen effluvium is typically a physically or psychologically stressful event. Telogen effluvium is very common following pregnancy.
Less common causes of hair loss without inflammation or scarring include the pulling out of hair, certain medications including chemotherapy, HIV/AIDS, hypothyroidism, and malnutrition including iron deficiency.Causes of hair loss that occurs with scarring or inflammation include fungal infection, lupus erythematosus, radiation therapy, and sarcoidosis.
Other causes of hair loss include:
# Alopecia mucinosa
# Lupus erythematosus
# Telogen effluvium
# Tufted folliculitis
How Much Hair Fall Is Normal?
Contrary to popular belief, hair fall is actually quite a normal phenomenon, where you lose up to 50 to 100 strands of hair each day. It is when start to lose more than that you need to worry.
Hair fall, when it happens in its natural course, is backed by hair growth. But if the rate of hair loss exceeds the frequency of natural hair regrowth, it is a cause for concern. If you are losing hair in tufts and are unable to maintain volume, you should immediately consult a trichologist.
Hair fall can lead to baldness, technically known as alopecia. It is characterized by the loss of hair from the head and body. With the latest advancements in technology, hair fall can be controlled and reversed to a great extent. In fact, there exist certain traditional hair growth home remedies that work in combating this problem.
Hair fall is one of the most common problems we face today. What is also common is our lack of knowledge about the wonderful and simple ways through which we can treat the condition.
How to use these Home Remedies :
1)COCONUT MILK : Coconut milk is rich in vitamin E and fats that help to moisturize your hair and keep it healthy. The milk is rich in potassium, another vital ingredient for hair growth. So apply it on ur scalp and keep a towel then rinse it after 10 mins followed by shampoo.
2)NEEM: Neem has excellent antibacterial properties that help you get rid of dandruff. This ensures the scalp is healthy and promotes hair growth . It also stimulates blood flow to the skin, thereby nourishing the hair roots. Neem is even found to eliminate head lice and nits.So use boiled neem water to wash ur hair.
3)AMLA: Amla is rich in vitamin C, a nutrient essential for the growth and strengthening of hair .Vitamin C also helps build collagen that is vital for hair growth. So apply amla juice or boil amla in coconut oil till it turns black .apply amla powder in lemon juice n apply on scalp and let it dry.
4)Beetroot: Beetroot contains potassium, protein, and vitamins B and C, all of which are essential for healthy hair.So just boil the beetrrot leaves in water till the quantity becomes have,grind it n mix it in heena n apply.
5)Green Tea: Green tea is known to stimulate hair follicles and boost hair production. It also increases your metabolism, which has been linked to an increase in the rate of hair growth. So just apply boiles green tea water to your hair n rinse.
6) Egg White Mask; Eggs are a rich source of protein, B vitamins, and essential nutrients for optimum hair health.Apply it on the scalp and leave it for 25 mins and then shampoo.
7)Onion Juice: Onion has antibacterial properties that can eliminate the bacteria that can cause scalp infections . It also has a high sulfur content that improves blood circulation to the hair follicles and encourages hair growth. Sulfur is also known to treat infected hair follicles.Apply onion juice on the scalp and leave it for 30 mins n then shampoo.
8)lemon Juice: Lemons are excellent astringents. They tighten the pores in your scalp, thereby controlling hair fall. If you have oily hair, a lemon juice rinse is what you can try out. Lemons also contain alpha-hydroxy acids that exfoliate dead cells, eliminating dandruff in the process. Lemons are rich in vitamin C, an essential nutrient that helps maintain hair health So just apply lemon juice mixed win water to your shampooed hair and leave it .
9) Aloe Vera, Indian Gooseberry, Shikakai, And Neem Powder: Soothe the scalp,Relieve irritation and itchiness.Provide deep nourishment,Strengthen hair from root to tip,Eliminate dandruff and Prevent hair loss and breakage.
10) Coriander Juice: Coriander is known to make your hair soft and prevent hair loss. Apart from this, it is also effective in promoting hair growth.so apply it as onion juice and see the results .
Apart from these basic 10 there are many other home remedies you can try for healthier hair.
In addition to the home remedies, there are certain other lifestyle changes you can make and tips you can follow to keep hair fall away.
1. Balanced Diet
A balanced diet goes a long way in maintaining the overall health, including hair health. To combat hair fall, it is important to incorporate a balanced diet.
Put greater emphasis on the intake of vitamins, calcium and iron as they can prevent hair fall to a great extent.
Insufficient protein and iron intake is one of the common causes of hair fall.
In addition to these, vitamins are also good for your hair.
Vitamin A, being an antioxidant, promotes healthy production of sebum in your scalp.
It stimulates blood circulation in the scalp, thus keeping your hair follicles productive.
The B vitamins aid in the production of melanin, which imparts a healthy color to your hair.
It also stimulates blood circulation.
Thus, having a balanced diet comprising of essential nutrients can significantly lessen hair fall.
Incorporate fish, green vegetables, iron rich fruits, milk and milk products in your diet.
2. Hot Oil Treatment
Massage your hair with lukewarm oil regularly at least once a week.
In addition to its inherent goodness, it will improve blood circulation in your scalp.
Always oil your hair from root to tip.
You can use almond, olive or coconut oil for your hair.
Massage your scalp with your hand for a couple of minutes.
Put on a shower cap for an hour and then shampoo and condition your hair as usual.
For greater effects, you can add a few drops of rosemary, lavender, bay or peppermint essential oils to almond or sesame oil base.
3. Keep your Scalp Clean
A dirty scalp is always prone to infections. Make it a point to regularly shampoo and condition your scalp with reliable products. Keeping your hair clean will prevent dandruff problems. It will also keep itching and hair lice at bay which are among the main causes of hair fall.
Besides washing, hair should be brushed properly.
You should also regularly trim your hair to prevent tearing of hair and avoid split ends.
Wide-toothed comb should be used.
Blow drying should be avoided as far as possible because the heat generated can cause damage to your hair.
Avoid combing wet hair immediately after having a bath.
4. Follow a Healthy Lifestyle
An unhealthy lifestyle is also one of the causes of hair fall. So it is important to incorporate a few changes to make it conducive for healthy hair growth.
Mental stress is one of the major contributing factors for hair fall.
Practicing meditation is a great way to ease mental stress and restore hormonal imbalance.
Proper sleep is also vital for overall health including hair health.
Using too much heat and chemicals on the hair should be avoided.
If you are using a hair gel, make sure you wash it off the very next day.
Avoid tobacco and alcohol as much as possible.
By following the above natural hair growth remedies, you will definitely experience noticeable results. However, if none of these remedies are working, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist before the condition worsens. Certain medical treatments are also available, such as hair transplant, hair restoration, stem cell treatment and hair extensions. You can go for these procedures but only after proper consultation with your dermatologist.
5. Say No To Junk Food
It has been proven time and again that consumption of junk food can cause hair fall. Junk food contains excessive calories and no essential nutrients, which can eventually lead to hair loss. You can, instead, switch to including more of green leafy vegetables, protein-rich foods, and fruits in your diet.
6. Be Gentle With Wet Hair
Wet hair is more prone to breakage, which is why you must be gentle while handling it. The best way to dry wet hair is to pat it with a dry towel, instead of rubbing it harshly.
7. Exercise Regularly
Regular exercise enhances blood circulation and improves the flow of oxygen to your scalp, thereby controlling hair fall. Ideally exercise for about 30 minutes a day, five times a week .
8. Stay Hydrated
Drinking sufficient water is one more way of keeping hair fall at bay . Owing to our busy and sedentary lifestyles, we seldom remember the importance of keeping ourselves hydrated. Drink about six to eight glasses of filtered water on a regular basis.
9. Trim Your Hair Regularly
Split ends can also cause hair fall. To avoid this, keep trimming your hair periodically.
10. Avoid Steamy Showers
Hot water dehydrates the hair strands, making them brittle and vulnerable to breakage. Rinsing your hair with hot water also flushes out the essential oils of the scalp, which can lead to increased shedding of hair. You can, instead, go for a shower with lukewarm or normal water.
11. Stay Away From Hot Styling Tools
Exposing your hair to high temperatures can destroy the vital proteins and damage your hair’s protective cuticles. When this happens, the moisture balance of your hair gets disrupted, making it susceptible to breakage.
Ideally, you can limit the usage of hot styling tools (including your blow-dryer) to not more than twice a week. Also, make it a point to apply a heat protection spray to reduce friction and protect your hair.
12. Don’t Wash Your Hair Too Less (Or Too Much)
You can skip shampoo for a day, but make sure that doesn’t become a habit. Not washing your hair for days together can lead to the accumulation of dirt, oil, and product residue that can clog the pores in your scalp.
On the other hand, washing your hair too often (washing every day) might remove the essential oils your scalp needs. The best you can do is wash your hair every two days, more so if you are prone to excessive sweating and use many hair products. Use a sulfate-free shampoo to prevent excessive dryness.
Hair fall might be a serious problem. But like most serious problems out there, it can be prevented and treated with simple home remedies. Follow the above tips, and you will never have to worry about hair loss again!
Dr. Khushboo Murarka
NagpurOctober 07, 2017